Si Trova: a Palazzolo Acreide
Lat: 37° 3' 28.71682" N - Long: 14° 53' 42.29454" E
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Akrai was built by Corinthians of Syracuse in 664-663 BC, seventy years after the foundation of Syracuse.
It is situated on a high impregnable rocky hill.
It was the bulwark of the Syracusan expansion in the Sicilian territory.
Because of its particular strategic position Akrai was also the sentry of the southern borders of Syracusan territory.
The town reached its peak during the reign of Gerone II.
It became part of the Roman province assuming the Latin name Acre.
It was later completely destroyed by the Arabs and the site was gradually covered with soil and natural vegetation disappearing from sight and being forgotten for almost eight centuries.
Tommaso Fazello was one of the first to identify the site of the lost town; later the Baron Gabriele Judica undertook the first archaeological excavations.
Subsequent excavations have brought to light the theater, small in size but in excellent condition.
On the back there are two stone quarries, called Intagliata and Intagliatella.
On the plateau above the latomia of Intagliata there are the basic blocks of the Temple of Aphrodite.
On the western side rises the Bouleuterion where the town council met.
The agora extends in front of the Bouleuterion.
East of the hill there are the Feral Temples dedicated to the cult of the dead.
But the real jewel of the ancient Greek town, are the so-called "Santoni": twelve large statues carved in the rock dedicated to the cult of the Magna Mater.
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