Lat: 35° 35' 7.841576" N - Long: 12° 33' 31.67374" E
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The Pelagie archipelago (from greek language: islands of the deep seas), are in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea in the far south of Sicily, is made up of three islands: the white Lampedusa, the largest, with the small island of Rabbits adjacent; the black Linosa is the second largest island where the maximum altitude of the archipelago is located: Mount Vulcano (195 m) and the small Lampione island.
They are the most southern land of the Italian Republic.
Vegetation is poor everywhere and coasts are high and jagged.
The beach of the Rabbits in Lampedusa and the Pozzolana di Ponente in Linosa are sites of regular ovodeposition of Caretta caretta, the most famous sea turtle in the Mediterranean.
Very close to the Tunisian coasts the islands host the mixture of two different cultures: the European and the African one.
The Pelagie are ideal for who want to spend a relaxing holiday, far from tourist villages and bathing establishments.
The inhabitants live mainly from fishing.
The island was inhabited since the Bronze Age and was later conquered by Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans.
For a long time it was forgotten because of the frequent raids by the Saracens.
In 1843 the island belonged to the Lampedusa family.
Later it was bought by King Ferdinando who installed a penitentiary and brought some settlers there.
The most important center of the archipelago is Lampedusa.
Shops and cafes along Via Roma in summer come alive until late at night.
Linosa is 30 kilometers from Lampedusa and 170 km from Sicily.
It is a volcanic islet and testifies the three extinct craters and Mount Vulcano.
The coast is rough and jagged.
The island is characterized by the presence of colorful houses, hospitable people, hidden beaches and rocks on which the sea lily grows.
One of the characteristics of Linosa is the breeding in the wild of cattle with particularly fine meat due to nourishment based on the aromatic vegetation of the island.
In addition to activities related to the sea, one of the ways to discover the archipelago is on a donkey along mule tracks and rough trails.
The dammusi, typical buildings are stone houses of Arab origin that have the characteristic of isolating well from the rigors of winter and maintaining a cool and constant temperature in summer.
Among the beaches of Lampedusa, Tabaccara stands out; it's a beautiful bay reachable only by boat and washed by an incredible turquoise sea; The bay of Conigli is surrounded by white cliffs and occupied, in the center, by an island that houses the most beautiful beach of Lampedusa and one of the most fascinating of the whole world: white sand that slopes into a transparent sea.
In Lampedusa they collect beautiful natural sponges which are one of the most interesting and advantageous purchases.
Among the products of the island: lentils, cherry tomatoes, canned fish.
The easiest way to get to the islands is by plane.
There are connections via Palermo and, during the summer, also direct flights from Milan, Bergamo, Rome, Venice, Verona.
You can reach the Pelagie also by ferry leaving from Porto Empedocle.
What happened in Sicily: 27 September
Today we discover...
The only castle in Sicily with a fortress appearance with a fortified village
Castello di Carini
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