Si Trova: alle pendici dell'Etna, vicino Adrano
Lat: 37° 41' 35.54477" N - Long: 14° 48' 17.92696" E
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Around the tenth century BC, the Sicilians from the Ionian coast settled in the south-western slopes of Etna and founded Mendolito.
The real name of this ancient town is still unknown; the archaeological site instead takes its name from the district in which it is located.
The town developed a highly refined bronze civilization; it is considered particularly important for bronzes and for the only monumental inscription in ancient Sicilian language received to date.
The settlement is spread over basaltic land near the eastern shore of the Simeto, it has an area of about eighty hectares.
This extension is so large that it suggests a territorial occupation for scattered groups of houses, among which are to be imagined large areas of land used for grazing and cultivation.
The town is now buried; today the walls, the doors and traces of dwellings survive; a necropolis with characteristic small dome tombs and numerous Sicilian inscriptions; a house with a fine floor was also found.
It is the inhabited center symbol of the Sicilian civilization, still almost intact, comparable as amplitude to the site of Morgantina.
The houses had a quadrangular plan, and had a modest size.
A long rectangular building with a north-south direction, divided into four smaller rooms also came to light.
The discovery of the famous storeroom happened by chance in 1908 thanks to a farmer.
About 600 kg of objects were found, most of which are bronzes, while the rest of the treasure consists of cantilever belts, axes, spears, hoes, greaves, knives, razors, rings, pendants, bracelets and fibulae.
The presence of such a conspicuous loot, the second in Italy for quantity of objects, suggests the presence of a foundry connected to a sanctuary.
On the site numerous other bronzes were found that are not connected to this closet: particularly noteworthy is the Bronze or Efebo by Adrano, a marvelous statue of about 19.5 cm dating back to 460 BC, depicting a naked bidder athlete, attributed by some scholars to Pythagoras of Reggio.
Another notable work is the Banchettante, 530 BC, representing a virile figure during a banquet.
The necropolis is located in the Sciare Manganelli district, at a short distance from the south gate.
The site is open from Tuesday to Saturday from 9:00 am to 7:00 pm; Sundays and holidays from 9:00 am to 1:30 pm; Monday closed.
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Seat of the Targa Florio museum
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