Si Trova: vicino Salemi
Lat: 37° 48' 5.567577" N - Long: 12° 44' 48.70496" E
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On the Mokarta hill there was an important Sican village that lived between the thirteenth and tenth centuries BC.
The necropolis, made up of a hundred cave tombs, allowed to bring to light various pieces of pottery; cups and funeral objects, dating back to the early Bronze Age.
But the characteristic of this village, unique for Sicily, is that it was made up of huts with an extremely regular circular shape, equipped with a double entrance, called "forceps".
The huts were to have a domed mud and straw roof.
The inhabited area had a central square, and the huts are placed in groups, which presumably distinguished the different family groups.
A hut larger than the others suggests a place of common use.
Mokarta was destroyed due to the incursions of the Elimi population, who had to set fire to the huts, causing the collapse of the roofs; these have preserved what was under them, in fact in the center of the huts various tools were found, such as frame weights, stone grinders, pottery of various kinds, and also, most significant find of all, the skeleton of a girl about 14 years old, hereafter called "Nina", found with a vase in her hands about to run away.
The fact that everything in the archaeological site has remained intact has earned Mokarta the nickname "Pompeii of Prehistory".
On the hill there are also few remains of an Arab-style castle, probably of the Saracen leader Mokart, defeated by Roger the Norman.
It is also visible a moat that in the medieval period acted as a thrower, in which dejections and waste were thrown.
Mokarta had the privilege of hosting, in the year 1097, the first Sicilian parliament.
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