Si Trova: nei pressi di Mineo
Lat: 37° 19' 46.20505" N - Long: 14° 41' 50.87293" E
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It seems that Palikè, a Paleolithic settlement and archaeological site, was founded by Ducezio in 453 BC; he made it the capital of his state.
The town of Palikè was founded on the hill that dominates the plain where the ancient sanctuary of the Palici was located, indigenous divinities soon included in the Greek pantheon.
In the area in front of the cave at the foot of the hill, a series of archaeological stretches have been identified which, from the Mesolithic age, reach the Swabian age.
The most ancient structures that can be attributed to the sanctuary of the Palici date back to the archaic age and were rebuilt with monumental structures such as porticos and a banquet hall in the 5th century BC.
For the Sicilians, the Palìci sanctuary was an important point of reference for their faith.
The temple in its time was known throughout the known world, and from all sides faithful came to admire the prodigies of the temple water; in fact, this was built around a small lake from which natural gas came from (today there is an industry for the extraction of methane in its place), which rose to the surface making the water boil and creating an effect that the men of the time had attributed to the gods.
The sacred area had several buildings not only for worship, but also for service.
Recent excavations have brought to light here some arcades and a banquet hall.
On the rocky ridge of the promontory there is a necropolis with several tombs dating back to the Late Bronze Age, that is, at the 11th Century BC.
The best preserved niches are positioned at the top, while those at ground level and close-ups have undergone changes over the centuries to be used as sheepfolds.
The archaeological area also houses a museum where various finds from the excavations are kept.
Other finds from this area are kept in the Paolo Orsi Museum in Syracuse.
The exhibited materials illustrate the history of the site from the Mesolithic period until the Middle Ages ('500).
Anyone wishing to visit this site, can contact the Superintendency of Cultural Heritage of Catania.
What happened in Sicily: 23 September
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