Si Trova: a circa metà strada tra Catania e Siracusa
Lat: 37° 13' 51.15035" N - Long: 15° 13' 18.84338" E
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Today, Augusta is one of the most important Italian military ports.
The town was founded by Frederick II of Swabia in 1232 in one of his favorite places: a small peninsula.
The emperor called it "Augusta Veneranda" and built a large castle near the entrance; a castle that is still a flagship for this town, being, together with the manors of Catania and Syracuse, an important example of Swabian architecture.
Later the isthmus that connected the peninsula to the mainland was exported, transforming Augusta into an island.
In the late medieval period Augusta was continually attacked by Turkish pirates, to fight which the forts Garcia, Vittoria and Avalos were built.
The Turks were finally put to flight in 1594.
During the seventeenth century the Knights of Malta built a large oven to product biscuits, then began a slow decline, which from the transition to the Bourbons continued with the unification of Italy.
In 1918 a huge hangar for airships was built, still visible, and a water dock nearby.
In 1945 the first oil refinery was installed nearby, followed by the construction of many others, which barbarized the megarese coast, but which at night acquire a strange fascination for the thousand lights that surround them.
At the entrance of the historic center the Spanish Porta is remarkable; leaving the island, on the other hand, the long modern bridge allows you to see the salt pans not far away, which for a long time represented a means of livelihood for population.
Today we discover...
Grifeo Castle of Partanna
One of the best preserved western Sicilian castles
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