Si Trova: in provincia di Siracusa
Lat: 36° 54' 37.21643" N - Long: 15° 8' 7.998962" E
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The origin of Avola seems to date back to Hybla.
The area, previously inhabited by the Sicans, was invaded by the Sicilians and became the scene of struggles: the Sicilians fought the natives and settled permanently on the territory.
Subsequently the town suffered the greek colonization with the domination of the tyrant Dionisio.
With the Roman domination the whole territory lost its ancient splendor; even the memory of Hybla was erased and the area turned into a semi-desert land.
In Arab times the territory was progressively repopulated and under the aragonese there was a certain demographic and economic revival of the country.
In 1693 the town was destroyed by a violent earthquake that forced the surviving population to move to the wide coast below, eight kilometers away, and to re-establish Avola in the place where before there was only an extended and deserted plain overlooking the sea, so Avola from a mountain village turned into a plain seaside town.
The town was built on a centric plan and according to a geometric and rational structure that gave it that noble aspect that still characterizes it today.
On December 2, 1968, due to a wave of strikes, organized by the agricultural workers of Avola and the province for the elimination of the "caporalato", and the establishment of the Labor Commission for the Control of Employment Placement, was implemented by the workers agricultural a road block that caused the intervention of the police.
The revolt ended in blood because the police killed two people and wounded forty-eight, five of them seriously.
The tragic events of those days sparked off some student and worker revolts which in the following weeks resulted in the whole national territory, as part of the mass movements of '68.
Today we discover...
The only museum dedicated to the tallest volcano in Europe
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