Lat: 37° 14' 15.61421" N - Long: 14° 30' 46.96826" E
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Located in central Sicily, Caltagirone is famous for the production of ceramics, an activity developed over the centuries starting since ancient Greeks.
After a glorious past that saw it as a privileged stronghold for Byzantines, Arabs, Genoese and Normans, today Caltagirone has a period of renewed development, thanks mainly to tourism and ceramic production.
The name Caltagirone derives from the Arabic word Qalat - Jerun meaning "Castle of the burial grounds" due to the presence throughout the territory of vast necropolises.
The first inhabited nucleus arose around a castle in the Greek era.
The real expansion of the town and the flourishing of its economy took place during the Norman period.
Here there was the presence of a large colony of Genoese arrived around 1040.
Following the development of crafts and trade, related to the production of ceramics, a class of wealthy traders was born; they settled here coming from other parts of Italy too.
In 1458 there was a castle on the top of the main hill where John II of Aragon was crowned king of Sicily.
The XV-XVII centuries were the golden age of the "Town of ceramics", which was then enriched with churches, institutes, colleges and convents.
The university was born as well as a hospital that was among the best in Sicily.
The earthquake of 1542 and then that of 1693 totally destroyed the town; the new center had a Baroque style setting, which still preserves today.
Today Caltagirone is one of the most important tourist destinations in Sicily thanks to its artistic heritage, unique traditions and the beauty of its landscape.
Thanks to the exceptional value of its monumental heritage, the historic center of Caltagirone in 2002 was awarded the title of World Heritage Site by UNESCO, along with the Val di Noto.
What happened in Sicily: 23 September
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