Lat: 37° 29' 24.29044" N - Long: 14° 3' 46.35183" E
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Caltanissetta is the sixth highest municipality of Italy.
It dominates the entire Salso valley from above (the Salso is a particularly important river in the Middle Ages as it marked the division point of Sicily 'citra Salsum' and 'ultra Salsum' , ie on both sides of the river).
The area has been inhabited since the 4th millennium BC, as evidenced by finds from the Bronze Age.
The first to live permanently in the current place of the town were the Byzantines, who probably built the castle of Pietrarossa on a nearby hill in the second half of the eighth century.
From here it began to extend, in medieval times, the walls, including the district of Santa Domenica.
The Arabs called it 'Qualat-al-Nissa', meaning Castle of Nyssa, so the name of Caltanissetta.
In the fourteenth century the town was the scene of fights between the powerful families of Ventimiglia and Chiaramonte, in 1406 the county passed instead to the Moncada family.
Later the town developed following the directions indicated by the monastic complexes, structuring itself in the four districts of St Flavia, St Rocco, Zingari (ancient Jewish quarter) and St Francesco di Sales.
In the center of Caltanissetta there are numerous palaces of historical interest, inhabited in the past by important town families; These include Palazzo Testasecca, Palazzo Benintende, Palazzo Provinciale, Palazzo del Carmine, Palazzo Moncada.
During the Holy Week, in Caltanissetta there is one of the most evocative events of the Easter period that take place in Sicily.
It is worthwhile, once in a lifetime, to follow this "Passion" that will remain etched in your soul.
Today we discover...
The largest open-air museum of contemporary art all over Europe
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