Si Trova: Al primo piano del Palazzo dei Normanni di Palermo
Lat: 38° 6' 39.19138" N - Long: 13° 21' 12.97039" E
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The Palatine Chapel in Palermo is one of the wonders that make Sicily a unique place in the world because of the historical and artistic riches it contains; absolutely cannot miss visiting the Palatine Chapel when visiting Palermo.
As soon as you enter the Chapel, located on the first floor of the Norman Palace, you have the feeling of entering in a golden treasure chest of history and art.
It is a three-aisled basilica dedicated to Saints Peter and Paul; the Norman King Roger II built it.
It was consecrated on 28 April 1140 as a church of the royal family.
It is the highest example, from the historical-artistic point of view, of the coexistence of different cultures, religions and ways of thinking because Byzantine, Muslim and Latin masters were involved in its construction and decoration.
Due to this peculiarity and the almost supernatural beauty that permeates it, it was included in 2015 in the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.
Opposite the altar, a unique example, we find the royal throne on which the various rulers who succeeded each other in Sicily sat for centuries.
The dome, the transept and the apses of the church are entirely decorated with Byzantine mosaics, among the most important in Sicily, depicting the Christ Pantocrator, the evangelists and various biblical scenes.
The oldest dating mosaics are those of the dome, dating back to the original construction of 1143.
The wooden ceiling of the central nave and the beams of the other naves are decorated with carvings and paintings in Arabic style.
Images of Saints and Fathers of the Church are present in the pillars and in the intrados of the arches.
The Arab workers carried out the muqarnas ceiling that overlooks the central nave, a valuable and unique example in the world of Islamic paintings with representations of human figures in a place of worship.
An inscription in Latin, Greek and Arabic dating back to 1142 further testifies to the intertwining of multiple cultures in Norman Palermo.
The mosaics of the vestibule are from the early nineteenth century, the work of Santi Cardini and Pietro Casamassima; these depict stories of Assalone, rebel son of King David.
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