Lat: 36° 48' 0.025473" N - Long: 14° 54' 22.06741" E
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Cava d'Ispica is a valley that runs towards the sea for 13 km in a natural setting made of limestone rocks and rich in a variety of Mediterranean flora.
Here human settlement has been particularly attested since the prehistoric age.
This site has been inhabited until 1693, when the town of Spaccaforno, wich was here, was destroyed by the earthquake.
In Cava d'Ispica there are also the remains of the Church of San Pancrati, one of the oldest churches in the Hyblaean area, dating back to the mid-sixth century.
The cave dwellings are common in this territory and are also found in Modica.
The caverns resemble those of Palazzolo and Pantalica.
Inside the Cava there is a catacomb of the early Christian era.
In the area traces of the presence of a prehistoric village of the Bronze Age were found, including bases of circular huts, traces of a wall and some fireplaces arranged in common areas.
Surely the site was the ideal place for a primitive population for which it was necessary to defend themselves from animals and enemies.
Natural defenses were the thick and dense vegetation and the river that flowed down the valley.
Then there was a natural barrier consisting of a huge block of rock that closed the passage in the direction of Ispica, the current town south of the Quarry.
Numerous prehistoric finds from Cava Ispica are preserved in the "Paolo Orsi" Archaeological Museum in Syracuse, in the Archaeological Museum of Ragusa and in the Civic Museum of Modica; these document a real protohistoric station in Cava d'Ispica.
The Sicilians took possession of the Sican settlements of the Ispica Cava and founded new ones forming again communities that survived until the earthquake of 1693.
After the earthquake part of the population moved from the old Spaccaforno in the new town, later named (from 1935) Ispica, and for the Cava began a long period of abandonment.
What happened in Sicily: 23 September
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