Si Trova: a circa 10 Km da Avola
Lat: 36° 58' 2.509475" N - Long: 15° 5' 41.18986" E
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A corner of earthly paradise, a natural heritage of immeasurable value; this is the "Cava Grande del fiume Cassibile" Oriented Nature Reserve.
A paradise rich in landscape, anthropological, hydrogeological, archaeological and speleological relevance.
The area is crossed by the Cassibile river which over the millennia has created a series of deep canyons.
At the bottom of the valley there is a complex system of small natural waterfalls.
The canyon is 10 km long; near the belvedere of Avola Antica it reaches the maximum depth of 507 meters, and in this section it reaches its maximum width of 1200 meters.
The ponds were accessible to the public via a historic staircase, called Scala Cruci.
Along the banks of the river there are dwellings of woods that frame this natural spectacle, while in the valley bottom there are enchanted and full of life landscapes.
In the reserve there is also a rocky necropolis, in which there are about 2000 tombs.
Defended by the inaccessible sheer walls of the quarry and the proximity of the water, the Sicilians, built this necropolis, still difficult to reach today.
At least two rupestrian villages are known: the northern one is immediately visible looking out from the lookout, the southern one is almost opposite.
The first dates back to the 11th-10th centuries BC.
There are hundreds of cave tombs and the Paleo-Christian hypogea excavated in the walls, arranged one beside the other, on six different parallel levels connected by a system of tunnels.
The mouth of the Cassibile river is the place where Demosthenes in 413 BC, with 6,000 Athenians, had to surrender to Syracuse.
In the necropolis were found rich grave goods and ceramic material whose peculiar decoration, called plumed or marbled, is part of the Ausonia culture present in the Aeolian islands and in eastern Sicily around 1000 BC.
What happened in Sicily: 23 September
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