Si Trova: in provincia di Palermo
Lat: 37° 48' 49.08510" N - Long: 13° 18' 4.563446" E
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Arriving in Corleone, the immediate impact is with its Twin Fortresses the "Sottana", in the West, and the "Soprana", in the East, on which stands the saracen Tower.
In the town you can admire the chiaramonte portals of the Palaces and Churches, the Baroque facades of Churches and Palaces, the various bronze sculptures and several "murals" depicting places and traditions of Corleone.
The Corleone area has been popular since prehistoric times.
Recent research has identified numerous settlements distributed around two main poles: Pietralunga and "La Vecchia".
The site of Pietralunga is occupied from the final Neolithic to the entire Bronze Age; the "La Vecchia" site was inhabited since the Middle Ages.
Among the various historical vicissitudes we know that during the reign of Frederick IV of Sicily, the town rebelled against the crown, but was reconquered in 1355.
Lost again, it was besieged by the Ventimiglias.
Later it was ruled by the Chiaramonte family and subsequently donated by Queen Maria of Sicily to Berardo di Queralt.
It was also occupied by Nicola Peralta, but King Martino the Younger returned it to the royal domain.
So a history rich of the big names that populated late medieval Sicily.
The current aspect of Corleone is that of the Spanish baroque which marked the culmination of the renewal of the town and its expansion.
The old, well-maintained and paved historic core has narrow streets with blocks of houses with balconies with rounded wrought-iron railings.
The ancient nucleus of the town was delimited by a medieval wall that connected the castle "Soprano" with the castle "Sottano".
Corleone was also known in the past as the Royal City of 100 Churches.
We remember the church of St Agostino, the Mother church dedicated to St Martino, with fourteenth-century origin, but enlarged in the following centuries, with noteworthy wooden choir by Giovan Battista Li Volsi.
Also noteworthy is the church of St Rosalia which houses two sixteenth-century holy-water fonts and various paintings of various origins.
Still worth mentioning: the church of the Addolorata, of the Holy Savior, of the Capuchins.
Palazzo Provenzano, with finely frescoed rooms, is now home to the archaeological museum, rich in finds from the surrounding area.
In recent decades, Corleone is known around the world for the sad influence that some of its citizens have had in the development of mafia; today the thirst for redemption of the population has transformed it into one of the most active towns in the fight against the mafia, it is here that the CIDMA, International Center on the Anti-Mafia Movement is based.
What happened in Sicily: 23 September
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