Si Trova: nei pressi di Villasmundo
Lat: 37° 15' 23.37235" N - Long: 15° 7' 44.47942" E
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In a rocky wall one hundred meters high, unique in Sicily for its height and spectacularity, the "Ddieri" timpa, and on the plateau above it, there are traces of man that testify to his uninterrupted presence since prehistoric times.
In the timpa, at the bottom of which the Mulinello river flows, there are caves dug into the limestone, distributed over several floors.
Until a few years ago it was possible to reach the caves through a tunnel that the inhabitants of the site had dug in the rocky wall.
The tunnel ended in a walkway protected by a parapet made from the same rock.
Some caves are in communication with each other through ladders carved into the rock, and were probably in communication with each other also through wells carved into the floor.
Some of them, inhabited in the Byzantine era, have the shape of a real square room.
In the plateau above, thanks to an excavation campaign in 1967, a fortified village dating back to the sixteenth century BC was discovered, with traces of a Neolithic settlement within its walls.
It is the only example of a fortified village in Italy.
In the northern part there is a semicircular tower with a diameter of 15 meters.
Twenty-five meters east of the first, there is another, and between them you can see the development of the wall.
In the area there are many circular holes carved into the rock by the villagers, and in any case in the whole plateau there are traces of the ancient frequentation of the place.
During the Second World War the inhabitants of Villasmundo took refuge in the caves, inhabiting them once again.
Today the whole place is unfortunately in a state of neglect.
What happened in Sicily: 24 June
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The most extensive boundary walls of the classical world
Mura Dionigiane di Siracusa
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