Gnuni - Federico II
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  • Frederick II
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Frederick II Hohenstaufen was born in Jesi on 26 December 1194.

He was king of Sicily from 27 November 1198 to 13 December 1250.

His fascinating personality, his artistic and cultural innovation earned him the nickname of "Stupor Mundi".

His court of Palermo was a meeting place for Greek, Latin, Arabic and Jewish cultures.

The poetics that came out of the writings of the Sicilian School, founded by him, had a great influence on literature and modern Italian language.

He also wrote a book, "De arte venerandi cum avibus", which is still considered a cornerstone for falconry.

Frederick descended by his mother's side, Costanza d'Altavilla, from the Norman dynasty of the Altavilla; by his father, Henry VI, from Federico Barbarossa, ruler of the German Empire.

He grew up in Palermo, under the tutelage of Pope Innocent III, who followed him through the tutor Gualtiero di Palearia.

It resided in the Norman Palace and in the Maredolce Castle.

In 1209 he married Costanza d'Aragona and in 1210, turned sixteen, he came out of papal protection, taking directly the power of the Kingdom of Sicily.

In 1224 he founded the University of Naples; also favored the ancient Salerno medical school.

From the castle of Melfi, Federico, aided by the notary Pier delle Vigne, emanated in 1231 the "Constitutiones Augustales", the legal code of the Kingdom of Sicily, considered one of the greatest works in the history of law due to its historical importance of the recovery of Roman and Normans laws.

Thanks to a diplomatic agreement, on 18 March 1229 Frederick was crowned king of Jerusalem in the Basilica of the Holy Sepulcher.

Various events saw him in strong opposition to the various popes succeeding each other in the Catholic Church.

Federico II died on 13 December 1250 in the "domus" of Fiorentino di Puglia, near today's Torremaggiore, due to an attack of dysentery.

His body is inside a red porphyry tomb in the Cathedral of Palermo.


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