Si Trova: nel litorale ragusano, vicino Punta Secca
Lat: 36° 47' 20.65826" N - Long: 14° 30' 26.78732" E
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The ancient Kaukana was built between the 4 th century BC and the 4th century AC.
It consisted of a set of buildings located along the coast for about 700 meters.
Its important port hosted the fleet of Belisario before the departure for Malta and Africa during the Greek-Gothic war in 536.
In 1091 Ruggero d'Altavilla also sailed from here to the conquest of Malta.
Kaukana's buildings were disorderly arranged, and this is one of the most unique features of the ancient settlement; furthermore there are no fortification systems.
The excavations brought to light about twenty buildings, some of which have been preserved for a height of about 4 meters.
The houses had characteristic closed courtyards and an external staircase to reach the upper floors.
Materials found in the area, in particular bronze and terracotta lamps, glass glasses, kitchen ceramics and amphorae, are kept in the Ragusa museum.
Around the most important nucleus of the settlements, the archaeological park was set up.
Other ancient dwelling structures are isolated between the waterfront and the beach.
Among the most important buildings there is a small church from the 4th century with a floor decorated with colorful mosaics dating back to the 5th century, probably made by North African craftsmen.
The church consists of a basilica with three naves.
Near the church burials have been discovered, some of considerable importance.
During its history Kaukana was destroyed several times.
The settlement, however, continued to live until the seventh century, when it was repeatedly the object of raids by Arab pirates, which led to the definitive expulsion of the Byzantines in the 9th century.
Kaukana can be visited upon reservation by contacting the numbers 338 4900816 or 347 6974535 or by requesting an e-mail at email@example.com
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