Si Trova: nel territorio di Melilli
Lat: 37° 12' 16.57186" N - Long: 15° 10' 55.56161" E
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The archaeological site of Megara Iblea is one of the most important in the province of Syracuse.
It overlooks the sea and has been ripped from the destructive fury of the bulldozers that were builting of the industrial area.
Here settlers from Megara Nisea, led by Lamis in 728 BC, founded the town that was the motherland of another important Sicilian town: Selinunte.
Megara Iblea did not have a long and prosperous life as it was destroyed for the first time by the tyrant of Syracuse Gelone in the fifth century BC, then definitively in 214 BC, by the Romans commanded by the consul Marcello.
For a conscious visit of Megara Iblea it is necessary to know that the visible ruins overlap in three successive layers: the archaic ruins, under all of them, dating back to the foundation of the town, the Hellenistic ones, of the Greek era, and those relating to the period immediately preceding the destruction.
The area brought to light is that of the last period, during which the town had a far inferior extension to the initial one.
You move between small houses, shops and narrow streets that allow you to understand what the life of the first settlers was like.
All the artifacts and art works found during excavations are preserved in the archaeological museum of Syracuse.
Have great importance the archaic necropolises, dug several times between the last century and the present day.
You can still see: the agora with the remains of two porticoes, the Hellenistic baths, the heron, the remains of the walls, the remains of an Hellenistic temple, the foundations of an archaic temple, the prytaneum, a metallurgical workshop , the remains of dozens of houses.
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