Lat: 38° 11' 33.33526" N - Long: 15° 33' 25.91468" E
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Its Greek name was Zancle, meaning Scythe, from the shape of the ledge over the sea on which the ancient city stood.
Messina was founded by the Greeks around 756 BC; during its history it was also called Messana.
Under the Swabian-Angevin-Aragonese dominions it reached great prosperity, becoming also the capital of the Kingdom of Sicily together with Palermo, thanks to its port.
For centuries it was the richest Sicilian city, second in the South of Italy only in Naples.
A first earthquake destroyed Messina in 1783; then was completely destroyed by the earthquake of 1908.
In 1912 the reconstruction of a modern city began.
Messina has wide streets, it's home to an important university, already founded in 1548.
Today its port is the first in Italy for number of passengers in transit and sixth for cruise traffic.
The wonderful view of the strait and the proximity of Calabria give the whole area a poetic and very open atmosphere.
In addition to the museum and the numerous churches and palaces, it is worth noting the Gonzaga Fortress to the west of the city and the Vittorio Emanuele II Theater, whose interior decoration of the ceiling bears the signature of Renato Guttuso.
What happened in Sicily: 27 September
Today we discover...
One of the most beautiful Frederick castles
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