Lat: 36° 51' 32.22771" N - Long: 14° 45' 38.86928" E
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In 2002 modica was included, together with the entire Val di Noto, in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites thanks to its historic center, rich in beautiful Baroque architecture.
The town is a characteristic intrigue of small houses, narrow streets and long stairs that recall the medieval layout of the historic center.
The prevailing style of the monuments is Sicilian Baroque.
Element characterizing the surrounding territory are a dense network of "dry walls" that delimits the plots of land, and the trees of carob.
The foundation of Modica can be traced back to 1360 BC; in its territory the necropolis of Quartiriccio has been found, in excellent condition, with several dozen tombs in the rock, dating back to 2200 BC.
The territory was first populated by the Sicans, then by the Phoenicians and the Sicilians.
Modica was economically and culturally lively also thanks to the presence of ecclesiastical and lay educational institutions that made it a remarkable center of studies.
A public school already existed in Modica in 1549.
In 1550 the Observant Franciscans taught philosophy, theology, Latin and human letters at the Convent of Santa Maria del Gesù.
In 1630 the Jesuits founded the Jesuit College which issued degrees in Theology, in Humanities and Liberal Arts as well as operational diplomas in all free professions, of Lawyers, Doctors, Notaries, etc.
The "Archimede" Technical Institute was, in 1866, one of the first state upper secondary schools to be founded in Sicily, among the first five in the Kingdom of Italy of its kind.
The Municipal Gymnasium High School named after Tommaso Campailla was among the first twenty Italian high schools born immediately after the Unification of Italy.
Don't miss a visit the birthplace of the poet Salvatore Quasimodo.
But Modica is famous all over the world for the uniqueness and delicacy of its chocolate, still made with the ancient Aztec recipes, arrived in Sicily thanks to the presence of the Spaniards in Sicily when they had recently discovered the new continent.
Who visit Modica cannot fail to taste the "Modica coffee" in its cafes, prepared with elements of Modica chocolate dipped in the foam of the coffee.
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