Lat: 37° 25' 54.07809" N - Long: 14° 28' 44.55010" E
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Morgantina is an ancient Sicilian Greek town, a beautiful archaeological site in the territory of Aidone.
For about a thousand years it has been flourishing; here have been found finds from prehistory to Roman times.
The most important archaeological finds are the famous Venus of Morgantina, kept in the archaeological museum of Aidone, and the Treasure of Morgantina: a collection of silver high value pieces dating back to the III century BC.
Morgantina also had a mint: the coinage of Morgantina was from the 5th to the 2nd century BC, and is one of the most interesting of the greek towns of central Sicily, both for the variety of types and for the high artistic level of the engraving.
In the hill of the town a village of circular and rectangular huts dates back to the early Bronze Age (2100-1600 BC).
In 459 BC, Morgantina was conquered and destroyed by Ducezio, leader of the Sicilians, during the revolt against the Greek dominion.
Its territory passed to Syracuse and then to Camarina in 424 BC.
In 396 BC was conquered by Dionisio I, tyrant of Syracuse, but hostile to the Syracusans, it hosted the Punic army led by Magone.
Around 340 BC, Timoleonte seized the territory and Morgantina was rebuilt on the plateau of Serra Orlando: the new walls were built and an urban layout was outlined; the population increased a lot with the arrival of new settlers from Greece.
Agatocle built the agorà; the maximum splendor was reached in the III century BC, during the long reign of Gerone II.
Morgantina was besieged and destroyed in 211 by Marco Cornelio Cethego who gave it to Hispanic mercenaries as a reward for having allowed the Consul Claudio Marcello to conquer Syracuse.
After the Roman conquest the walls were demolished and the town narrowed considerably, but continued to live as an important commercial hub for the production of terracotta and above all for the production of cereals, oil and wine.
The Polis was gradually transformed into a Roman oppidum used by the various legions crossing Sicily until, around 30 BC, Morgantina was gradually abandoned.
The archaeological area occupies an area of over twenty hectares, and the remains of the town are remarkable: several public buildings, the ekklesiasterion, the "sanctuary of the Agora", the public granary, the "Great Furnace", the theater and the Roman slaughterhouse and important dwelling houses richly decorated with mosaics, such as the houses "of the Doric Capitello", "of the Mosaic of Ganimede", "of the arched Cisterna", "delle Antefisse", "of the Tuscan Capitals", "del Magistrato", and again, the "Casa Fontana" and the "South-East House".
The hill to the east of the plateau on which Morgantina stands, about a kilometer away, is the site of the ancient town, destroyed by Ducezio; On the top there are the remains of a temple with a very elongated plan, datable to the second half of the 6th century BC.
Today we discover...
The only beach that allows you to bathe easily on a turquoise sea
Spiaggia del Porto
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