Si Trova: nel cosiddetto 'Stagnone' di Marsala
Lat: 37° 52' 4.653950" N - Long: 12° 28' 5.772228" E
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The charm of Mozia (today Isola San Pantaleo) is due to its nature and the remains of an ancient Phoenician town.
The island is so small that it seems unimaginable that it could have had such an important part in the history of Sicily; here Phoenicians gave life to a prosperous colony.
The strategic position, surrounded by the shallow waters of the lagoon, raised the interest both by the Carthaginians and by the Syracusans, who took it after many attempts and completely destroyed it.
Mozia was forgotten for centuries, and was rediscovered only at the end of the nineteenth century by Giuseppe Whitaker, an English noble whose family had settled in Sicily and had started the exportation of Marsala wine.
On the island there is the Whitaker's house, now turned into a museum, and it still belongs to this family.
With the beginning of the Greek colonization the Phoenicians turned back to the western part of Sicily and Motya increased its importance becoming a small town.
The contrasts between Greeks and Carthaginians for the dominance over Sicily involved the island that was surrounded by walls.
The north gate was the main door and is the best preserved.
You can see the remains of the two towers that flanked it.
The road from the north gate continued with an artificial road that at 40 cm below sea level connected the island with the promontory of Birgi on the mainland.
The road about 1.7 km long and about 7 m wide, so as to allow the passage of two side-by-side wagons, is preserved at times and the track is currently highlighted by "cippi" that emerge from the water; the road can still be run across on foot.
In the Whitaker Museum there are exhibited objects found on the island and in the necropolis of Birgi, on the coast in front of Mozia.
The collection of sculptures includes statuettes of gods mothers, terracotta heads of Greek influence and the wonderful Efebo of Mozia, absolutely not to be missed.
In 2006 Mozia, together with the ancient Lilybaeum, was included among the candidate sites as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
What happened in Sicily: 24 June
Today we discover...
Dionigian walls of Syracuse
The most extensive boundary walls of the classical world
Mura Dionigiane di Siracusa
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Last Inserted Points
One of the most representative sites of Sambuca di Sicilia comes-back from the waters
Gnuni has 676 Points!