Si Trova: a Giardini-Naxos
Lat: 37° 49' 26.14647" N - Long: 15° 16' 24.83633" E
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Naxos was has been founded by Greeks from Calcide in 736 BC.
It was one of the oldest Greek colonies in Sicily.
The Greeks chose Capo Schisò, near a cove that was a natural shelter for ships.
Allied to Athens during the Peloponnesian War, it was destroyed by Syracuse in 404-403 BC.
The topography of the greek archaic settlement has been identified, surrounded by walls built with massive blocks of lava stone, and a sanctuary from the 7th century BC was uncovered, as well as a temple from the 5th century BC.
The life of Naxos lasted a little over three hundred years, during this time it came to strike silver coins, a sign of a developed civilization.
Inside the town there were artisan laboratories, public and religious buildings and houses built with stone embedded with a very particular polygonal technique.
Three doors are known on the west side of the walls, two on the south side and one on the north-east side; near one of the western doors, there is a tower.
The "temenos" is the first known sanctuary of the colonies of Sicily by Calcide.
The enclosure wall has two main openings.
The entire temenos, built in the 6th century BC, became a sort of acropolis of the town, and the northern propylaeum assumed the function of monumental entrance to the town, while the southern propylaeum ended up becoming a town gate.
In the sacred area there are also two furnaces, a circular one for vases, a rectangular one for tiles.
Two temples are known, of which most important is Aphrosidium.
Today we discover...
Barresi Castle of Pietraperzia
One of the greatest examples of castle architecture in Sicily
Castello Barresi di Pietraperzia
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