Si Trova: a Palermo
Lat: 38° 6' 47.95743" N - Long: 13° 22' 24.75261" E
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Founded in 1789, the Botanical Garden of Palermo is one of the most important academic institutions in Italy and is considered a huge open-air museum.
It has an area of about ten hectares, and has over twelve thousand species of plants.
Inside it there are magnificent monumental buildings in neoclassical style built between 1789 and 1795.
Among the many plants there are various species of palm trees and bamboo, a large specimen of Ginkgo biloba and a remarkable dragon tree.
Here there is the largest ficus in Italy, which is probably also the second largest in the world: it is a specimen of "Ficus magnoloides", symbol of the entire Botanical Garden, which has a 1200 square meters foliage .
Having been born in a period of great exploration, this Botanical Garden has been a reference point for the great Northern European botanical gardens which, due to the favorable climate, transferred here many still unknown species of tropical exotic flora.
To this botanical garden we owe the introduction in the Mediterranean area, among other things, of the mandarin and the medlar of Japan.
The library of the Botanical Garden has thousands of valuable works, the oldest dating back to 1537.
Walking through its gardens, the writer and philosopher Goethe defined the Botanical Garden as "The most wonderful site in the world".
What happened in Sicily: 3 December
Today we discover...
The lighthouse of Tirrenian sea
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