Si Trova: nella punta sudorientale della Sicilia
Lat: 36° 42' 57.14299" N - Long: 15° 5' 21.45309" E
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It seems that the Pachino promontory was inhabited since the early prehistoric times.
About 10,000 years ago the Corruggi cave was inhabited; there many archaeological finds were found.
Later the cave dwellings moved to the nearby area called "Cugni di Calafarina"; here villages were born, with necropolis and a dolmen for the dead and an underground furnace to work metals, whose remains are discreetly preserved.
The territory of Pachino has been inhabited by phoenicians, greeks and romans; the latter made it a center of commercial and colonization activities.
In the hellenistic period some temples were built, still today the remains of a rural votive temple remain in the Cugni district.
The arabs gave the name to the hamlet of Marzamemi; they introduced the cultivation of citrus fruits, they reclaimed the countryside and built the salt pans and the wells for the irrigation of the fields, of which one at the gates of Marzamemi, called "u puzzu de quattru uocchi ", used over the centuries also on an industrial level.
The decline of the town began with the normans, the aragonese and the angevins.
Subsequently a hundred of new feudal lands were born in Sicily.
In this period there is a substantial change in the geography of the agro-netine area, with the foundation of Pachino and Portopalo.
The history of the current Pachino begins when the Starrabba of Piazza Armerina decided to reside in the territory to better take care of their interests and in order to acquire the title of count.
The brothers Gaetano and Vincenzo Starrabba obtained permission from the Bourbon kings to found a town.
Ferdinand I invited the maltese to populate the new country and more than thirty families accepted the invitation.
The beaches of the Pachino area are beautiful.
The sea, clear and of an intense blue on the Ionian coast, is emerald green on the Mediterranean coast, rich in fish.
The area is suitable for windsurfing sports.
Today we discover...
The oldest dam in Sicily
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