Lat: 36° 47' 9.091250" N - Long: 11° 59' 46.36322" E
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110 km south of Sicily and 70 from Africa, Pantelleria is a volcanic island.
Due to the color of the soil, composed mostly of basaltic rocks, it has been dubbed the "Black Pearl of the Mediterranean".
In its landscape to the natural elements have been added beautiful man-made artifacts, including the "dammusi": rural buildings of lava stone, cubic, with round arched openings and white domed roofs, built to collect rainwater; they are the architectural specialty of Pantelleria.
Here is cultivated vine from wich are obtained the famous zibibbo and other sweet wines such as Pantelleria Moscato and Pantelleria Passito.
Pantelleria was certainly frequented since Neolithic times; the earliest settlement is the fortified village Mursìa, with cyclopean walls from the Bronze Age, among the best preserved of the prehistoric Mediterranean.
Archaeological excavations have returned a considerable amount of objects imported from various regions of the Mediterranean.
It was a colony of Phoenicians and Carthaginians.
Hundreds of cisterns date back to the Punic period.
The Romans gave a strong impulse to the economy of the island.
Under the Byzantines there was a period of profound decadence, during which it was used as a place of exile of important figures.
The profound Christianization of its people dates back to this period.
The Barbican castle, which still dominates the island, seems to have been built by the Normans.
The Bourbon sovereigns transformed Pantelleria into a penal colony, a function also maintained under the Savoy.
In Pantelleria there are numerous churches, almost always built with the same aspect of the characteristic local dammusi.
The highest point is the Montagna Grande and a beautiful panoramic road follows the coast.
On the island there is the nature reserve of Pantelleria island and a large lake whose basin occupies the remains of a volcanic caldera.
Do not miss the "bacio pantesco": a dessert with ricotta cheese.
Pantelleria has an airport and a good hotel accommodation, and every year attracts an high number of tourists.
The port of the island has regular connection with Trapani and Mazara del Vallo ports through a small ferry that makes the trip at night (5 h 45 min) and by day in returning (2 h 45 min).
For information: Siremar 0923/911104; ProLoco 0923 911838; Pantelleria Tourist Association 0923/912948; Tourist Promotion of Pantelleria 0923/912257.
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