Si Trova: ai piedi dell'Etna
Lat: 37° 34' 3.369572" N - Long: 14° 54' 5.845413" E
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The foundation of Paternò is traced back to an earlier period than the Greek one, on a site of volcanic origin, which was probably inhabited since the age of Thapsos.
The present inhabited area of Paternò was in the past identified with two ancient Sicilian town: Inessa, which was later called Aitna, and Hybla.
The remains of structures such as the aqueduct and the Pietralunga Bridge date back to Roman times.
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, traces of Aitna and Hybla were lost.
Under the byzantines, between the 4th and 5th centuries AD, the new toponym Paternò was born.
This was also one of the first centers of the island to be freed from the arabs by the normans, who arrived there in 1061.
During this domination a period of great civic and economic splendor began.
In 1072 a castle was built as a fortress to attack Catania and the other areas with a majority of arabs.
In the Middle Ages Paternò received the nickname "Città Fertile".
In the late Middle Ages the Moncadas caused a slow but unstoppable decline.
It became a principality in 1565 and this favored the influx of numerous noble and bourgeois families from other parts of Sicily and also from Spain.
The dominion of the Moncada ended in 1812, the year in which the Sicilian Constitution was promulgated.
This, together with an equality in the legal field, the abolition of torture and the major ascent, provided for the cessation of feudal rights.
On May 17, 1860, an anti-Bourbon insurgency broke out in the town of Etna, Giuseppe Garibaldi's volunteers defeated a section of the Bourbon army and this enterprise allowed the Garibaldians to conquer Catania.
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