Si Trova: a Palermo
Lat: 38° 6' 56.88442" N - Long: 13° 21' 40.93885" E
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Created on a project by Giulio Lasso, in ancient times this square, which rises at the meeting of the two main streets of Palermo, via Maqueda and Corso Vittorio Emanuele, was also called "Ottagono del Sole" because during the hours of the day at least one of the sides is illuminated by the sun.
It is called Piazza Vigliena in homage to the Viceroy who built it: the Marquis don Juan Fernandez Pacheco de Villena and Ascalon.
Between 1609 and 1620 the decorations were realized on different levels, surmounted by the royal and senatorial coat of arms.
On the lower floors there are fountains that represent the rivers of the ancient town: the Oreto, the Kemonia, the Pannaria and the Papireto.
An order of Doric style follows with the depictions of Aeolus, Venus, Ceres and Bacchus, representing the four seasons, and in the following order are the statues of Charles V, Philip II, Philip III and Philip IV; in the highest order, last before the coats of arms, are depicted St.Agata, St.Ninfa, St.Oliva and St.Cristina.
A "Quinto Canto" was decorated in 1844: it is located a few steps, on the right side of the church of San Giuseppe dei Teatini, on Via Vittorio Emanuele.
The square is often the center of town life and has been chosen as a film set for many feature films.
What happened in Sicily: 23 January
Today we discover...
A rare baroque fortress
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