Lat: 37° 49' 3.573693" N - Long: 12° 48' 11.49169" E
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The road that leads to Salemi offers something unforgettable: the beautiful expanses of vineyards that have had a big role in the fortune and fame of this side of Sicily in the world, giving the most precious wines, one of all Marsala.
In these hills Salemi rises.
It's a medieval town that gathers around its castle with an arabian road system consisting of an intricate network of blind alleys, courtyards and steep stairs.
In ancient times there stood the Elymian town of Halyciae, which was the scene of struggles between Selinunte and Segesta, and was deployed with Segesta.
Conquered by the Romans in 272 BC, it prospered with the arabs starting in 827; these gave it the name of Salemi.
In 1077, with the Normans it had a remarkable development, thanks also to the construction of the castle.
Within the walls of the castle, on 11 December 1441 a confederation was formed consisting of Salemi, Mazara, Trapani and Monte San Giuliano together with the barons of Partanna and Castelvetrano, to defende the Queen Bianca of Navarre.
On May 14, 1860, Giuseppe Garibaldi, with the help of Baron Giuseppe Triolo of Sant'Anna di Alcamo, assumed power in the name of Vittorio Emanuele II and symbolically proclaimed Salemi Capital of Italy; title that the town kept for a day.
In 1968 Salemi was badly damaged by the earthquake that shook the whole Valle del Belice; to favor the reconstruction of the nearby town of Gibellina, Salemi donated a part of its territory, where the town of Gibellina Nuova was built.
Today we discover...
The oldest dam in Sicily
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