Si Trova: nel territorio di Castelvetrano
Lat: 37° 34' 58.22526" N - Long: 12° 49' 25.72666" E
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Selinunte is an ancient Greek town wich had a short life (about 240 years), but which today is the largest archaeological park in Europe; Its monuments well represent the magnificence of Sicily in the Greek period.
It was founded by Magara Hyblaea in 628 BC, and in the 6th and 5th centuries BC its population reached 100,000.
It was the most western Greek colony of Sicily, and was among the first towns of the island to mint coins.
Dated around 550-530 BC, Many of these coins have the leaves of wild parsley, very common in this area, engraved as a local emblem.
It was called Selinon, from which the name Selinunte has derived.
This polis was often at war against Segesta, and the war between Selinunte and Segesta had major repercussions even in the Peloponnesian war because, in 415 BC, the Athenians, called to help by Segesta, were disastrously defeated by the Syracusans, who in turn supported Selinunte.
In 409 BC, Selinunte was destroyed by the Carthaginians, also called by Segesta.
Rebuilt, it was finally destroyed by the Romans in 250 BC.
Today the visible area of the town is quite narrow, compared to the area originally occupied, but excavations in recent years have also returned to light areas of the foundation era, such as that of the manuzza hill.
Observing the arrangement of the stones, it immediately leaps to the eye that Selinunte was razed to the ground by an earthquake.
Some parts of the temples were raised in modern times by the technique of anastylosis, as the E temple.
The C temple is the oldest in the acropolis area; it dates back to 550 BC.
Around the temples C and D there are the ruins of a Byzantine village from the 5th century AD.
North of the town there are magnificent fortifications to defend the acropolis.
On the eastern hill there are three temples, named respectively temple E and temple F, which is the oldest of the three and was built on the model of temple C, between 550 and 540 BC, and temple G, which is the greatest in Selinunte and one of the greatest of the whole Greek world.
To realize the colossal dimensions of this temple, we invite you to approach the only standing column, called amicably by the Sicilians "Fusu di la vecchia"; looking at it closely, you will notice that twelve people would be needed to completely embrace it! For info tel: 092446277.
Entrance times: Sunday 9:00 to 13:00, exit at 2:00 pm.
From March to October 9:00 am to 6:00 pm, exit by 7:00 pm.
Single full ticket: 6.00 euros, reduced rate: 3.00 euros.
With the same ticket it is also possible to visit the very interesting archaeological area of the Cave di Cusa, from which the material for the construction of Selinunte was extracted, and in which you can see all the phases of the excavation and transport of columns.
Today we discover...
Barresi Castle of Pietraperzia
One of the greatest examples of castle architecture in Sicily
Castello Barresi di Pietraperzia
Click for info
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