Lat: 37° 35' 48.56640" N - Long: 14° 10' 20.50781" E
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Sicily is a land of intense perfumes, the land of eternal spring, a flowered garden, surrounded by the sea.
Its landscapes are enchanting.
Its people is warm-hearted.
It has enchanting places: archaeological sites, medieval villages, stupendous baroque, breathtaking nature between sea and mountains.
The territory consists almost entirely of the island of the same name, the largest in Italy and the entire Mediterranean, the Aeolian archipelagos, the Egadi's one and the Pelagie's one, Ustica and Pantelleria.
The oldest human trace found on the island dates back to 12,000 BC.
Around 750 BC, Sicily became a Greek colony and in the following 600 years it was the main battlefield of the Greek-Punic and Roman-Punic wars.
Once it became a Roman province, it was already a popular destination for the Roman 'tourists' of the time, who admired the wonders left by the Greek world.
Under the Byzantines it was part of the Eastern Roman Empire.
It was marvelous under the Arabs and the Normans, when the Kingdom of Sicily was born.
In 1130, for the first time in the history of the whole of Europe, the Parliament was established in Sicily.
Cradle of the 'Stupor Mundi' Friederic II of Swabia, had the Aragonese domination and was then subordinated to the crown of Spain and finally to the Bourbons, who unified it to the Kingdom of Naples constituting the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
It was annexed to the rest of Italy in 1860, but the bad government brought an economic collapse that caused a massive wave of emigration for the first time in the history of Sicily.
Although the Italian state has never undertaken policies designed to lead to a real economic-social development of Sicily, the island has nevertheless managed to move forward focusing mainly on the character of its inhabitants and on tourism.
Even the Anglo-American landings during the Second World War caused considerable damage and only slowly Sicily recovered.
In the immediate post-war period the separatist movement developed and even before the birth of the Italian Republic, in 1946, Sicily was granted the special status of the Autonomous Region.
The Region of Sicily includes seven UNESCO World Heritage sites for their historical, artistic, archaeological and naturalistic importance: the Villa Romana del Casale in Piazza Armerina, the Valley of the Temples in Agrigento, the Aeolian Islands, the Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto, Syracuse and the Rupestrian Necropolis of Pantalica, the Etna, the Arab Norman Palermo and the Cathedrals of Cefalù and Monreale.
To these are added the intangible assets: the Opera dei Pupi, the Mediterranean Diet and the Grapevine of Pantelleria.
Sicily is a predominantly hilly region; the largest plain is the Catania one.
The majestic Etna, the Stromboli and Vulcano are the volcanoes in Sicily, as well as some submarine volcanoes, including the one that two centuries ago gave rise to the Ferdinandea island.
The most important mountain ranges, each with different geomorphological characteristics, are the Madonie, the Erei mountains, the Iblei mountains, the Nebrodi, the Peloritani and the mountains that surround the Conca d'Oro.
The very long coastline (over 1200 km) is very varied: from sandy or pebble beaches to sedimentary or lava stone cliffs, jagged, with coves and bays.
Today we discover...
Church St Nicola
The most seventeenth-century façade in Sicily
Chiesa San Nicola di Trecastagni
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