Si Trova: a Catania
Lat: 37° 30' 11.01098" N - Long: 15° 5' 0.176203" E
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The Roman Theater of Catania is located right in the center of the Sicilian town.
It was built in the Imperial era, between the I and II century AD, in marble and lava stone.
Today the cavea, the orchestra and some parts of the scene are visible.
It is embedded between buildings of the XVIII century.
In ancient times there was a theatrical building built with large rectangular sandstone blocks.
This theater from the Greek era was restored during the first century.
In this period the missing sandstone blocks were replaced with squared lava stone blocks.
The scene and tiers were added.
In the second century a proscenium was decorated with luxurious marbles, the scene was enlarged and two massive lateral towers were built that housed the access stairs to the floors of the building.
The structure was embellished with friezes, statues, bas-reliefs and columns partly used later as building material for the Baroque town, such as the façade of the Cathedral.
In Roman times the theater was flooded to set up scenes with water features, with a system that still works today, in fact the lower parts of the structure, such as the orchestra, are often washed by the waters of the Amenano river.
Among the buildings of the XVIII century that clutter the scene, a one-storey building serves as an entrance and preserves remarkable remains from the medieval period, including a staircase and a column, replaced to support the eighteenth-century wooden ceiling.
This building is also home to the antiquarium, where the architectural reliefs of the building are exposed.
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