Gnuni - Timpa di Leucatia
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  • Timpa of Leucatia
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Si Trova: tra Sant'Agata li Battiati e Canallicchio
Lat: 37° 32' 30.44223" N - Long: 15° 5' 10.99252" E

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A stone's throw from Catania, now completely surrounded by houses, the "Timpa of Leucatia" is a long lava embankment with a beautiful view of the town and the Gulf of Catania, covered with typical Mediterranean vegetation.

It formed about 135,000 years ago, probably due to marine erosion; the thickness of the lavas that compose it is about 20 meters.

Here you can admire a humid environment, the plateau of Monte San Paolillo and the lavic Timpa.

The humid environment has numerous sources of fresh water coming from Etna.

This feature encouraged human settlements since prehistoric times, as can also be seen from the numerous findings in the nearby lava caves of Barriera and Canalicchio.

The waters flow downstream partly through ancient channels and partly flowing freely on the ground, producing streams, small waterfalls and lakes.

The water flow rate of the main course is about 30 liters per second during the summer months, reaching 80-100 liters per second in the winter months.

The water partly ends up in the gutter, and largely disappears underground to re-emerge, after several kilometers, between the rocks of Ognina and Cannizzaro.

The highest part of Timpa takes the name of "plateau of Monte San Paolillo", and is mostly occupied by cultivated citrus groves.

On top of Mount San Paolillo there are the ruins of a Roman monument from the II-III century AD.

A Roman tomb, a wall 80 cm thick and 6 meters long dating back to the 4th century BC, as well as ceramic material from periods ranging from the Late Bronze to Iron Age, and from the Middle Bronze to the Greek-Archaic period.

Furthermore, strips of compacted river pebbles were found, surmounted by a beaten earth surface, and a few fragments presumably from the Middle Bronze Age, as well as the remains of a prehistoric village.

A considerable variety of plant and animal forms inhabit the Timpa, including some rare ones, such as the freshwater crab.

The Timpa di Leucatia is protected by landscape and hydrogeological constraints, as well as being recognized as an area of ​​archaeological interest, but is not yet accessible to the public.


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CON GNUNI SCOPRI LA SICILIA! ORGANIZZA LA TUA VACANZA, LA TUA GITA, LA TUA PASSEGGIATA IN SICILIA. SCOPRI LA SICILIA CHE NON CONOSCI. GNUNI E' UNA GUIDA PER IL TURISTA IN SICILIA. GNUNI PER CONOSCERE ED AMARE OGNI ANGOLO DELLA SICILIA.
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