Lat: 37° 47' 5.572413" N - Long: 14° 36' 4.533233" E
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Walking through the historic center of Troina you immediately realizes how this still maintains a typically medieval imprint.
The Via Conte Ruggero is the main axis of the area related to the fortified citadel, and it is easy, during the walk, to come across picturesque alleys, arched passages and stairs that climb up the hill.
The history of Troina begins in the Neolithic, when an ancient Sicilian town, probably Tyrakinai, existed here.
The place was continually frequented for all the historical periods that saw the succession of the Greeks, the Romans, the Byzantines and the Arabs.
Numerous archaeological evidences of these periods have been found in the valley to the south of the built-up area, with also the remains of the hellenistic walls and some sectors of the urban area and roman spa facilities.
Later the town had its most important moment during the medieval period, when it was chosen by Count Ruggero as the main stronghold for the conquest of Sicily by the normans.
Here the Count built a castle, no longer existing today, whose garrison lasted more than thirty years; he also organized his marriage with Matilde of Provence and established the first norman cathedral, as well as the first diocese of Sicily, which was visited by Pope Urban II in 1088.
A norman tower now serves as a bell tower for the Mother Church, and is one of the most important monuments of Troina.
Behind the Mother Church you can see the ancient walls.
Making a leap of about a thousand years, Troina returned to the honor of the chronicles during the Second World War, when it became the field of a bloody battle between the Germans and the Americans that lasted six days; the photographic testimonies of the battle of Troina are among the most raw and significant of the inhumanity of the war; were taken by the photographer Robert Capa, who thanks to these shots had international fame.
Today we discover...
Barresi Castle of Pietraperzia
One of the greatest examples of castle architecture in Sicily
Castello Barresi di Pietraperzia
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