Lat: 37° 9' 40.55625" N - Long: 14° 44' 55.88098" E
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Vizzini is one of the oldest towns in Sicily.
The first certain news about this territory dates back to the late Bronze Age, this is evidenced by the presence of a lot of troglodyte caves and by various findings.
It would actually be the ancient Bidi.
It seems that the town already existed before the fifth century BC, and that it had reached such a development as to arouse the attention of Athens.
In medieval times the town was limited only to the top of the hill called "Castello" and was surrounded by high walls for defense reasons.
Vizzini experienced an important moment in his history when, in 1252, the Emperor Conrad IV of Swabia granted her the privilege of "perpetual nationality".
In 1254, on the death of Corrado IV, the "privilege" was rendered null, and Vizzini became a fiefdom.
After the Aragonese dynasty it became the lordship of the dukes of Athens and Neopatria.
During the civil struggle between Latins and Catalans it became an important military center of the Noto valley.
In 1363, after the death of Queen Constance, it was reduced to a barony by usurpation of Manfredi Alagona.
Gradually the town began to grow, extending towards the east, to include the hill called "della Maddalena" and the hill called "Poggio".
During the Middle Ages Vizzini knew the feudal lordship of the Alagona and Chiaramonte families; the latter governed it for a long time.
It was among the five "regal" towns of the island, particularly loved by Queen Bianca.
Even Vizzini was razed to the ground by the earthquake of 1693, however reconstruction was a major event on a social, artistic and cultural level.
The numerous religious and civil monuments that arose in this period are of fine workmanship.
Walking through Vizzini you meet the places described in the works of the realist writer Giovanni Verga; we recommend reading the novels "Cavalleria Rusticana" and "Mastro Don Gesualdo" before visiting Vizzini.
Those places are in fact interesting if the narration of Verga is well impressed in the memory.
Not to be missed is the famous "Cunziria", located north of Vizzini, in a place with naturalistic attractions, bordered by hills and surrounded by prickly pears, located downstream, it is an ancient craftsman village.
It is a nineteenth-century village, a true example of industrial archeology, consisting of a large number of houses, some with several floors, that look simple but picturesque.
Inside there is still today the small church dedicated to St Eligio, of which today only the structure remains.
The "Cunziria" is connected to the duel between Turiddu and Alfio, held there, among the prickly pears.
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The highest active volcan in Europe
Etna e Parco dell'Etna
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